Hyperacidity or simply acidity is a condition wherein there is an increased release of hydrochloric acid in the stomach. This condition is also known as acid dyspepsia or plainly dyspepsia. Hydrochloric acid is just one of the components that are secreted inside the stomach that has an acidic nature. When there is an excessive increase in gastric acid, people with this condition might feel pain or discomfort usually radiating from the epigastric to the cardiac area. Things that aggravate this condition may be predisposed by other situations. An increase in the intake of spicy foods will increase hydrochloric acid production in the stomach. Intake of medications that have an acidic nature or that causes an increase in the acid content of the stomach will also aggravate the condition. Excessive intake of sour foods, a sedentary lifestyle, too much mental stress, consumption of alcoholic beverages, smoking, and consumption of caffeinated beverages are other reasons why there is an increase in gastric acid production. There are other causes like Peptic ulcer disease, Gastro esophageal reflux disease, and an oncological disease of the stomach may also increase gastric acid secretion.
Hyperacidity usually happens an hour or two after the consumption of spicy, oily, fatty, or sour foods; or after one of the causes has been done. Signs and symptoms usually begin with a feeling of nausea and my progress to actually vomiting. Heartburns may also be felt which is caused by gastric acid passing back up the esophagus. There may also be indigestion, constipation, a typical feeling of restlessness, or sour belching.
There are complications that might occur when hyperacidity is not controlled. Hyperacidity may progress to chronic gastritis and may even, in the long run, become a cancer of the stomach. Gastric ulcers might worsen when there is a constant amount of increased gastric acids inside the stomach.
To prevent hyperacidity from ever occurring then a strict diet should be follow. That mean there should be no consumption of heavy foods, overly spiced up foods, and very oily or fatty foods. Smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages should also be avoided. A light exercise after meals should also be done, this ensures that proper digestion takes place. With that being said, a person should not immediately go to bed after eating.
Treatment of hyperacidity is mainly by the use of antacids. Though drinking medications is not the sole treatment for the condition because normally hyperacidity is caused by an underlying factor. To rid of hyperacidity itself one must rid of the condition that is causing the acidity. Therefore, if one experiences hyperacidity, it is best to consult a physician to better diagnose the cause of the condition.
Home remedies may be to consume food stuffs such as bitter chamomile, white cherry, ginger, garlic, cumin, and the like. An increase intake in water or any fluid that has a neutral acid – base balance or a more basic nature is recommended.