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he Working Mechanism Of Digital cameras

Digital cameras are one of the greatest new advancements in photography and technology.

Wondering how they work?

Well, even if it may seem complicated to understand, it really isn’t that challenging, especially if broken down to its basic elements. Let us examine the basic principles of science which go into creating a digital camera device.

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Image Sensors

The sensor inside a digital camera is able to conveniently convert the light captured into smaller charged particles. An image sensor is typically available in two distinct types. These can come either as the complementary metallic oxide semi-conductor, also referred to as CMOS or as charge couple devices (CCD).


image source: mydigitalcamera.us

The CCD technology is commonly found in cameras, yet the action is the same for all devices. Thus, light is simply converted into electrons. These features allow the sensor within the unit to interpret the cell contained within the digitally captured image.

Pixel Technology

The basic element of digital photography is similar to regular photography. It makes use of a lens to bring the light into focus in order to make an image. However, the key difference between a standard camera versus a digital camera is, that unlike in a standard camera, the light isn’t aimed at the film. Instead, it goes into an electronic device that captures it automatically.



In other words, it is fairly similar to a film. This process can be compared to a television picture that is composed of several tiny dots, referred to as pixels. These are stored electronically as tiny bits of information in the digital camera. As a result, they can be easily transferred onto a computer or even a monitor for examination.

Camera Resolution – Affecting How A Picture Is Made

The resolution of your digital camera depends on its ability to focus on the amount of details. The key difference lies in the number of pixels contained within the image. If the the pixel numbers are higher, the image will appear crisper and sharper.


image source: microscopeworld.com

Thus, the two are co-related. This is very similar to a television picture quality technology. A low resolution displays images that seems blurry, especially when made larger. Any photograph taken with a camera resolution of lesser than 480 × 640, is typically considered to be of poor picture quality these days.

How Colors Are Added To Digital Camera Pictures?

Colors are actually a result of the primary filtering mechanism within a camera. This mechanism can separate light into 3 basic colors. This process is carried out in two different methods.



A beam splitter is used in order to point light towards the sensors. Every sensor is fairly distinct in its response. Thus, only one primary color can be seen by every one of them. Another incredible way is to obtain each of the primary colors as a distinct filter, prior to just one sensor.

This is precisely how a digital camera captures light and colors to form photographic images. It is then able to store these images and transfer them into a computer for the purpose of processing. The digital camera technology has truly revolutionized the world of photography.

How Do The Digital Cameras Work?

A digital camera will take light and focus it through a lens medium onto a sensor comprised of silicon. This is made of a bunch of tiny pixels that are extremely sensitive to light. Every pixel is an important element that directly affects the picture quality. Remember, there are several millions of these pixels within the sensors of the digital cameras.

The time sampling factor combined with long exposure is, what truly creates the wonders of digital photography. A digital sensor possesses incredible powers due to its ability to collect or integrate the photons over a much longer period of time as compared to the human eye. This is exactly why it can record smallest details during long exposure that go unnoticed to the eye.

Here’s a list of 4 key differences incorporated in the working of digital cameras:

1. CMOS or CCD technology

Every pixel on a CMOS or CCD chip, is made up of light-sensitive area that are made from crystal silicons. These absorb photons that later release electrons through a photo-electric effect. These electrons are stored as an electric charge which is accumulated over an exposed length. The charge which is generated, is directly proportional to the amount of photons that tend to hit the sensor.



This electrical charge is then directly transferred and converted into an analog voltage which is amplified and later sent to a digital or an analog Converter, where it gets digital and gets converted into a number.

A CCD and CMOS sensor performs similarly in an absorbing photon, generating electrons as well as storing them. However, they differ in the manner in which the charge gets transferred and where they are converted into a voltage. Finally, both end up as a digital output.

2. Role of Sensor In CMOS or CCD technology

The sensor has an active role in digital camera technology. The commonly used CCD that stands for charge coupled device produces better quality images. On the other hand, the CMOS that stands for complementary metal oxide semi conductor sensors, uses lesser power.

3. Use of a semiconductor device for focusing light on the image

A modern digital camera includes built-in computer which records an image electronically, will then store it into the external or internal memory. The image capturing process is similar to a traditional camera. This involves using lenses to create an image, with light focus on the subject.

However, digital photography essentially differs in the way light is focused. Here, instead of using a film, the semiconductor device is used. A built-in computer will then break down the information obtained into a readable digital data. This is done once the sensor manages to convert light into an electrical charge.

4. Automatic Uploading And Automatic Image Correction

The modern digital cameras come fitted with several features ranging from an automatic uploading device to online sites as well as automatic image correction. The digital alternative has come close to standard film print quality.


These days, most users are unable to notice much difference between printed digital images versus the standard developed film photo. Yet, it would be fair to mention that the time-saving benefits offered by the digital camera, are enormous!

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